Create your own Ubuntu server on Google Cloud Platform
Google Cloud Platform offers many services from App Engine, managed Kubernetes, Database as a Service, Services as a Service, Object Store and more. It is very easy to access all the attractive features. The Google Cloud Platform dashboard, in my opinion, doesn’t make it any easier for the user, either!
Sometimes, all we need is a simple VM. Despite the uprising of containers, VMs are still useful and simple. You don't have to worry about licensing your app to another database service, object store service, etc. Everything from compute to storage can be kept on a single virtual machine (scalable). In this article, let's explain how to create an Ubuntu server on Google's cloud platform.
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Google Compute Engine (GCE)
GCE is a product that allows you to configure and deploy virtual machines and Google infrastructure. Everything from the amount of resources to networking capabilities, SSH keys and operating systems are selected here.
Log in to your Google Cloud Platform dashboard and search for GCE. Once Compute Engine appears in the results, click on it.
Here is a description of the Compute Engine:
As you can see, the menu section offers many options to manage your virtual machines and monitor them. We'll stick to the VM standard for now. Since it allows us to create a single VM. If you want to create one of them, "an example" can help you a lot.
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Let's start by clicking Create, as shown in the screenshot above. All default VM templates provided by Compute Engine are displayed. Let's configure some defaults. I will leave the CPU with 1 vCPU and the memory with 3.75 GB so these values are good for presentation. If you want more/less resources for the best price and performance, feel free to change these settings. The first thing I will change is the boot disk. We need Ubuntu, so under boot disk, click Change and select Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. This disk will install the operating system and the remaining space is what you will use for your applications, packages, etc. (unless you add block storage). So if you need more storage than the default 10GB, be sure to increase the size as shown below.
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In addition, for better performance, you can choose a permanent disk of SSD. This is a significant improvement over standard permanent disks. Once the boot disk is selected as Ubuntu, we can create a virtual machine and install the Ubuntu server in the cloud for us. Anyway, let's configure Firewall and SSH keys for convenience.
If you want to host an HTTP or HTTPS server, make sure to check the boxes that say "Allow HTTP traffic" and "Allow HTTPS traffic". Many websites will need it, as will many API servers, proxy servers, etc. As for the features and API access settings, you can leave them as default. Now click on “Management, Security, Disk…” section to get more configuration options. To do this, go to Security and you can paste your public ssh key there. The username in the key will also be created in the VM. For example, keys
Will create a user named ranvir with sudo access and add SSH keys to that user's home directory (~/.ssh/authorized_keys) so you can access the VM directly. We are almost done. Check the estimated monthly price this machine will cost you and the region it will start from, by scrolling again. Area is subjective, but limits are important. For someone trying to create a VPN, a VPN that is far from multiple time zones is best. On the other hand, if you want low latencies, you should choose the area closest to you.
Then click create and your Ubuntu VM is working!
To ensure that you can ssh into the VM and point the domain name to the VM, you will need a static public IP address. If you look at the Compute Engine dashboard, you will see the status of your VM and its external (public) IP address.
And if you click on the VM name (instance-1 in my case), you will notice that the IP address is actually ephemeral. That means trouble, especially if you're using an external domain name server to map your FQDN to that IP address. To change this to static, click Edit, at the top menu. Go back to the network interface (nic0, in our case) and change them.
Click Ephemeral under External IP Address and select Create IP Address.
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